2018-02-02 22:50:25 UTC
Roman Republic, the only honest government along the banks of
the Tiber since the Punic Wars.
One of the biggest blunders at the 1815 Congress of Vienna was to
reconstitute the Papal States and the temporal power of the popes.
When the widespread revolutions of 1848 reached Rome, Pope Pius IX
left Rome. For centuries, the temporal power of the popes had been
a yoke on the Catholic Church. One of the most accurate comments
was made in early Feb. 1849 by a young Roman priest, the Abbe'
Arduini, when he described the temporal power as a "historical lie,
a political imposture, and a religious immorality." [Jasper Ridley
Viking Press (1976), p. 268]
Carlo Buonaparte (Charles-Lucien, 1803-57), the son of Luciano, had
emigrated to the U.S. He returned to Europe during the revolutions of
1848 and served as a Deputy of the Assembly of the Roman Republic.
According to Jasper Ridley [page 268], when the Assembly convened
for the first time: "When the name of Carlo Bonaparte, who was a
member for Viterbo, was called, he replied to the roll-call by
calling out 'Long live the Republic!'" [Viva la Repubblica!]
Carlo participated in the defense of Rome against the 40,000 troops
sent by his rogue-adventurer cousin. He left Rome after the
Republican army was defeated.